Mile High Spark – August 2019 – Volume 10, Issue 2
View this newsletter on the web.
|AGL eDigest Newsletter||Applied Wireless Technology Magazine|
|White Paper – Wireless Communications and Applications Above 100 GHz: Opportunities and Challenges for 6G and Beyond. By Prof.Theodore Rappaport, David Lee/Ernst Weber Professor, Founding Director NYU WIRELESS, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tandon School of Engineering, Courant School of Computer Science, Langone Medical Center /Radiology, New York University.|
|Guest Column – How Dynamic Spectrum Access Can Accelerate 5G Deployment||Case Study –The Impact on the U.S. Economy of Excluding Huawei from Participation in theU.S. Market for Wireless Network Equipment|
|On the Edge – 5G and the fourth Industrial Revolution – By Vicki Livingston, 5G Americas||A Moment With… 451 Research – Smart Cities|
Volume 10 Issue 2
In This Issue
3rd Tuesdays of the Month*
2644 West Colfax Ave.
Denver, CO 80204
*Except July & December
Recent Excom Actions
Some of the Standing Committees where we could use some great volunteers include:
Actually just about anything you can think of, we’re interested in talking to you!
If you are interested in volunteering, please send email to email@example.com. Positions will be open until filled.
Try Something New!
Whether you are active in IEEE ExCom, are a chair of a technical society, or just a paying member, we thank you for being a part of something that we think is pretty great. If you want to get more involved, you know where to find us! And if you just want to enjoy the hard (and not-so-hard) work of our volunteers by attending our events we would love that even more! Take advantage of the monthly volunteering efforts we have put together for you. Try something new, meet some new people, and learn something new by listening to a distinguished lecturer. Oh, and thank you for being a reader of our newsletter!
|Message from IEEE Denver Section Chair, Jason Rupe
Happy new year! It is my honor to take over as chair for the IEEE Denver Section. Back in January’s ExCom meeting, we discussed our goals for the year. I hope some of these are exciting to you!
Our previous chair, Ian MacMillan, did a far outstanding job of running the organization, along with a fabulous team. Fortunately for us all, many of our volunteers are continuing to serve. I’m thankful for having Ian remain to coach me and assure a smoother than otherwise transition.
That same core of outstanding volunteers met to discuss progress, actions for the group, and to set goals for the year that benefit our Denver membership. Several topics were covered.
Which of these areas interests you? Where would you benefit personally, or where do you think you can make the most difference? If you are even lightly interested in getting more from your IEEE membership, please join us and try something in your interest area. We will definitely help you get started and going. Share your ideas with us, but also share your energy and time to help your IEEE Denver section and membership community.
Hello everyone. My name is Ernest Worthman. I would like to take a moment and introduce myself as the new Editor for the Mile High Spark.
As I take the helm of this publication, I would like to tip my hat to Ian MacMillian, our last Section Chair and previous editor for all his time, effort and hard work. It takes a lot of commitment to be a section chair AND publish a newsletter, AND run GreenTech and all the other behind-the-scenes work he has been responsible for. Thanks, Ian, I hope I can do half the job you did!
Next I would like to welcome Our new Section Chair, Jason Rupe. I have had the chance to get to know him a bit over the last couple of months and I know he will make an excellent Section Chair.
And, I would also like to thank the rest of the Denver section volunteers, from chairs to students, that make countless committees, activities, programs, events, and more, successful. They work tirelessly behind the scenes and rarely get the recognition they deserve. Hats off to all of you, as well.
That being said, on to business. One of the items on my agenda is to bring technical content to this newsletter. I would like to start adding technical papers, articles, case studies, white papers, even opinions and a blog. If you have something you would like to see in print, please contact me: firstname.lastname@example.org. I will be happy to find a home for it.
Next, notice there are some new tabs near the top of the page. The ones with the blue background will take you to a wireless publication site.
I am the Executive Editor of Applied Wireless Technology and AGL’s eDigest newsletter. AWT covers the cutting edge of wireless – from DC to light and all of the segments wireless touches. Topics of coverage include 5G, autonomous vehicles, millimeter wave, edge networks, licensed and unlicensed spectrum, the Internet of Everything/Everyone (IoX), software, cybersecurity, smart “X”, virtual “X”, emerging technologies, wireless ecosystems (government/aerospace/defense, enterprises, healthcare, telemedicine), SDN, NFV, fiber optics, embedded systems – anything that has a wireless interface.
The eDigest is a bit of a different animal. Rather than scrap news and regurgitate it, as so many newsletters do, ours takes a deeper dive into what is happening – the whats and whys and what it means to the wireless industry. I would invite everyone to check these resource out.
Workshop on Blockchain in Telecommunications: Emerging Technologies for the Next Decade and Beyond – IEEE Global Communications Conference 9-13 December 2019, Waikoloa, HI, USA
Scope and Topics
Blockchain is a decentralized, transparent and trusted database, defined as part of the Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) framework, and considered as an enabling technology of new IT enterprise systems and applications. Blockchain in Telecommunications is a new powerful concept that can tremendously improve telecom networking operations and customer-facing processes experience, adding a new layer of authentication, validation and security for all telecom assets and transactions. Telecom companies will benefit most from enterprise, permissioned Blockchain solutions to enhance existing IT (Information Technology) and OT (Operations Technology) solutions to address fraud prevention, customer identity management, mobile transactions settlement and mobile payment, among others, Blockchain is still a nascent technology and as such there are challenges for the wide adoption of Blockchain/DLT as a new enterprise and operational layer. These challenges are around scalability, interoperability, standards, privacy, security, governance and consensus mechanisms that need to be defined and validated for telecom-specific applications.
This IEEE Globecom Telecom Blockchain Workshop will introduce the basic concepts of Blockchain applied to Telecommunications, and will discuss emerging trends and the challenges ahead. It will also provide a forward-looking perspective on the emerging technologies and key applications in this new field.
This workshop will be aligned with IEEE Blockchain Initiative strategic directions and promoted as a joint initiative with Globecom
Paper submission link: http://edas.info/N26307
The IEEE Globecom Telecommunications Blockchain Workshop invites prospective authors to submit their original technical work on any aspect of engineering, science, and technology of current interest to the workshop. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, the following:
Contact Tim Weil for details – email@example.com
IEEE Women in Engineering
International Leadership Conference in Austin, Texas
By Sarah Beckman
IEEE WIE 5280, with funds raised for our Sipping ‘N Painting event in December and additional support from the Region’s Executive Committee, was able to send a University woman to the IEEE Women in Engineering International Leadership Conference in Austin, Texas in May.
Our group’s Vision is to grow a group that promotes women in STEM for the benefit of the Colorado Front Range. Being able to support a local University woman helps us achieve that Vision. Madison Le, who won the conference scholarship, is an Electrical Engineering student at Colorado School of Mines with a minor in Computer Engineering.
Madison Le said, “I just wanted to say thank you to you and your [organization] for giving me the opportunity to attend such an enlightening conference last month. I learned a lot about strategies to tackle the professional world as a woman in engineering and met some very inspiring women. I hope this program continues to motivate other women just as it has motivated me to take charge and work make a difference for women everywhere. Keep up the good work with these outreach programs, I appreciated all your support to make this possible!”
Upcoming Events –
Thanks, and we’re looking forward to a fun and successful 2019!
Sarah Beckman, Keaton Looney, Kate Landow and Tom Schafer
IEEE WIE 5280 Officers
5th Anniversary, 2019 IEEE WIE Forum USA East
Dear IEEE Members,
CALL FOR PAPERS AND PARTICIPATION TOPICS
Deadline for all submissions 08/16/2019 (Extended and Final!)
We hope that you will join us and share the attached CFP flyer with your colleagues. Please visit our website for more info: http://attend.ieee.org/wie-forum-usa-east-2019
We welcome sponsorship and participation in our program. For more information on the sponsorship levels and career fair, please visit: http://attend.ieee.org/wie-forum-usa-east-2019/sponsors-patrons/
Dr. Charlotte Blair & Maryam Rahmani, CISSP, Program Co-Chairs
Colorado Electronic Product Design
The engineer will be responsible for hardware design, analysis, schematic capture, documentation, software for micro-controllers, and direct customer interfacing.
Desired Skills & Experience:
The position requires a minimum of a BSEE or similar degree. US citizenship is required. Local candidates only. Strong verbal and written communications skills are
By Jim Harrier, Sr. Member IEEE, K – 12 Facilitator and EMBS Officer
Colorado Students in Engineering are turning out in record numbers at Colorado Universities with an astounding variety of innovative ideas, if this cross-section of Senior Design Projects is any indication.
This last graduation on May 17 at CU Denver saw 50 + separate undergraduate teams in the engineering sciences (Bioengineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Multidisciplinary (CU Denver and Metro State) ) competing in the Spring 2019 Capstone Design Expo all under one roof, on the CU Denver campus. The Denver IEEE has been instrumental in supporting student design projects at many of the area universities (above) over the years.
At the end of this story are some great pictures of what is going on at CSU – a far cry from my own final (but still memorable) design project umpteen years ago!
What is it?
“In their final year of engineering curriculum, students in the College of Engineering, Design and Computing complete a senior design class that provides an important design experience and serves as the culmination of the knowledge and skills they have learned. Each semester the college holds a capstone expo where alumni and industry judges select top projects and teams for recognition.
Everyone is invited to attend and to see the students’ amazing work.” – https://engineering.ucdenver.edu/current-students/senior-design
One of the Denver IEEE supported project is the HyperLynx, the CU Denver Team to answer the Tesla Hyperloop Challenge. https://www.denverhyperlynx.com/.
SpaceX announced the Hyperloop Pod Student Competition in 2015 to promote high-speed ground transportation, in a vacuum through a mile-long tunnel!
Team member Andrew Gras has spoken a couple times to the Denver IEEE about the UCD/Metro partnership in this exciting, long-term project. After three years of development, testing and competing with undergraduate university teams from all over the world, SpaceX is sponsoring a fourth competition for July 21, 2019.
“As with previous competitions, the competition will be judged solely on one criteria: maximum speed with successful deceleration (i.e. without crashing), and all pods must be self-propelled.”
IEEE 2nd 5G World Forum (5GWF’19); 30 September – 2 October 2019 Dresden, Germany
The 2019 IEEE 2nd 5G World Forum (5GWF’19), jointly organized by IEEE and 5G Lab Germany in conjunction with the IEEE 4th 5G Summit Dresden, will be held in Dresden, Germany, from 30 September through 2 October, 2019. The IEEE 5G World Forum and 5G Summit will take a holistic approach to 5G system design, ranging from silicon hardware, wireless interfaces, networks, and edge clouds all the way up to Tactile Internet applications. This three-day event offers a unique platform for industry leaders, innovators, and researchers from industry and academia to collaborate and exchange ideas that will help drive standards and rapid deployment forward.
Visit https://ieee-wf-5g.org/registration/ for more information
94th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference
Call for Papers
The theme for the 94th ARFTG Conference (which will be co-located with Radio and Wireless Week) is “RF to Millimeter-Wave Measurement Techniques for 5G and Beyond”. We encourage the submission of original papers demonstrating innovative approaches in state-of-the-art high-frequency test and measurement. Contributions exploring all areas of RF, microwave, and mm-wave measurements are welcome. Suggested topics include but are not limited to:
• 5G, internet of things (IoT), and over the air (OTA) measurement & calibration
Abstracts are due September 27, 2019
ARFTG Student Sponsorship Program
Are you an M.S. or Ph.D. student who would like to attend the fall/winter ARFTG Conference?
We can help!
For details on the Student Sponsorship Program visit: https://www.arftg.org/index.php/membership/student-sponsorship
The deadline for applying is September 27, 2019
ARFTG Roger Pollard Memorial Student Fellowship in Microwave Measurements
The purpose of the fellowship is to recognize and provide financial assistance to graduate students who show promise and interest in pursuing research related to improvement of radio frequency and microwave measurement techniques. The fellowship is named in memorial of Roger Pollard, in honor of his leadership in Microwave Measurement and Microwave Measurement education.
One or more $7500 gold awards and/or $5000 silver awards may be granted each year. The number to be presented will be determined by the ARFTG Executive Committee yearly based on available funding and on the number and quality of applications received. The application deadline will be listed on the web site.
For details on the Student Fellowship visit: https://www.arftg.org/index.php/membership/student-fellowship
The deadline for applying is October 1, 2019,
The IEEE 10th Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference (IEEE UEMCON 2019), Columbia University, New York, USA; 10 – 12 October 2019
This conference aims to bring together scholars from different backgrounds to emphasize dissemination of ongoing research in the fields of Computing, Electronics and Mobile Communication. Contributed papers are solicited describing original works in above mentioned fields and related technologies. The conference will include a peer-reviewed program of technical sessions, special sessions, business application sessions, tutorials, and demonstration sessions.
Accepted and presented papers will be submitted for publication to: IEEE Xplore Digital Library. Click HERE for the conference flyer (http://ieee-uemcon.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/uemcon-Final-CFP.pdf)
Extended Version of accepted and presented papers from IEEE UEMCON 2019 will welcome to be submitted for publication at the Special Issue of SENSORS (MDPI); https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/IEEE_UEMCON_2019
COMPSAC 2019 Conference Report
by Tim Weil – Chair, IEEE Denver Communications Society
The 43rd COMPAC conference, hosted by the IEEE Computer Society, is a flagship conference for researchers, academics, government and industry. COMPSAC is the signature conference on Computers, Software, and Applications and this year’s program in Milwaukee, WI. highlighted the theme of ‘Data Driven Intelligence for a Smarter World’ with an emphasis on the convergence of Data Sciences disciplines in Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), Big Data (BD) and analytics. The conference was hosted by the new Data Sciences Institute at Marquette University. I was fortunate to have a paper selected in the area of ‘Risk Assessment Methods for Cloud Computing Platforms’ and to be able to present this in a symposium called Journal First/Conference Second. With researchers and computer scientists from around the world, I was suitably impressed by the body of knowledge that COMPSAC presents.
Conference tracks include the following symposia –
The good news is that this year’s proceedings publicly available at – https://conferences.computer.org/compsacwp/2019/#!/toc/0 and past year programs dating back to 1978 are available from the Computer Society Digital Library (keyword COMPSAC) – https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings
Seriously speaking there were more doctors (PhDs) in this program than I’ve seen in a hospital. For my 25 years as a Computer Society member, COMPSAC was a highlight of my membership years. I hope to give a talk at Dine and Learn this September to give more scope to this excellent conference program.
IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society
Ready for Launch?!
MTT-S recently announced the MTT-Sat Challenge for groups of students developing RF hardware for cubesat applications. The deadline for proposals is October 2019. Further details can be found at mttsat.mtt.org.
The MTT-Sat Challenge is a worldwide competition for teams of undergraduate and graduate students to design and build radio frequency (RF) and microwave hardware for small satellites. The most promising designs will undergo space environmental qualification testing and will be incorporated in a cubesat, which will be launched into orbit (in case MTT-Sat Challenge secures enough funding and a participation in cubesat projects).
The main goal of the MTT-Sat Challenge is to advance space RF and microwave education, inspire students to pursue science and engineering education and careers, and prepare tomorrow’s leaders with the interdisciplinary teamwork skills, which are necessary for success. The MTT-Sat Challenge is managed by the IEEE Microwave Theory & Techniques Society (IEEE MTT-S), a federally-incorporated not-for-profit organization, with additional experts and advisors in the field.
The MTT-Sat Challenge is intended to run over four academic years, starting in June 2019, and is divided into several phases spanning over all technology readiness levels. Proposals can be submitted for every single phase.
At this time, IEEE MTT-Sat Challenge is calling for ideas, which might come from one of the following fields: transceiver based on commercial of the shelf (COTS) components, antenna systems and arrays for cubesats, ground terminals for low earth orbit (LEO) satellites, radiation-hardened electronics based on COTS components, inter-satellite communications, electromagnetic (EM) sensors for cubesats, novel RF technologies for space applications. Please find more detailed information at https://www.mtt.org/mttsat/index.html.
The deadline for submission is October, 1, 2019, 11 pm (Hawaii Standard Time). If you plan to submit a proposal, please submit a short Letter of Interest by end of August 2019 to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Denver Section will be again hosting the GreenTech & R5 Annual Meeting in 2021. The Students Robotics Competition is an exciting part of the the R5 Annual Meeting. The Conference Organizing Committee is forming up if you’d like to be involved in making this great fun conference happen, please contact email@example.com.
by Ian MacMillan
by Jackie Adams
You can see all of our upcoming events on the IEEE Denver Events Calendar
2019 IEEE-USA Co-Sponsored Conferences
6-9 Oct Charlotte, N.C.International Conference on Smart Cities: Improving Quality of Life Using ICT & IoT and AI (HONET-ICT), Call for Papers | Papers Due: 25 August 2019
10-12 Oct New York, N.Y. IEEE Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON)
Call for Papers | Papers Due 7 August 2019
16-18 Oct Ottawa, ON, Canada 2019 IEEE International Conference on Wireless for Space and Extreme Environments (WiSEE)
17-20 Oct Seattle, WA 2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Conference (GHTC)
5-6 Nov Woburn, Massachusetts 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST)
15-16 Nov Boston, MA IEEE International Symposium on Technologies on Technology and Society (ISTAS)
Papers Due: 16 August 2019
6-8 Jan 2020 Las Vegas, NV 10th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC)
Call for Papers | Papers Due: 31 October 2019
Should we be concerned about concentrated RF?
Discussions pertaining to the damage that may be caused by ambient or incidental RF have been around for years, even prior to the cellular era. However, in the early cellular days, once RF radiation got really close to the body, ears piqued and there have been endless debates about whether or not having a mobile phone near one’s head is dangerous.
I started writing about this over 20 years ago. I revisit it from time to time, over the years, as the topic refreshes with new data. Overall, evidence has been sparse that RF from mobile phones is damaging to the body. However, it took a long time for the tobacco companies to admit smoking was detrimental to your health. The evidence, finally once proven to be true, created a sea of change.
My point is that just because something is poo-pooed, does not mean it is not true. Conversely, just because alarms are raised about something does not mean there is a concern. Things take time to prove out.
The effects of RF on living tissue is well documented and beyond reproach. However, there is copious ambiguity around how much, where and for how long, exposure to low-level, RF affects the body. For this discussion, I am going to funnel down to 5G, eventually – stay with me.
As I noted earlier, little evidence exists that substantiates using mobile phones is hazardous to one’s health. On the other hand, it has been only 20 years since we started putting them next to our brain. The kind of damage that comes from such low-level energy radiation is highly subject to exposure time, exposure energy and length of use. With this many variables it takes many, many years to develop a pattern. There is also the issue that, if such damage is occurring, are we identifying it correctly or attributing it to something else.
To be fair, smartphone technology has advanced to the point where their signals are high-tech – meaning the way power is managed, the way they send and receive data their power cycles, modulation schemes, antenna design and such. The industry has heard the concerns of the early days and, unlike the tobacco industry, stepped up to address RF issues early on. For some time now, phones are no longer a radiation concern except in the most extreme situations.
However 5G, particularly mmWave has not had the same evolutionary track. Millimeter wave applications have been in use for decades, however, most installations are not near dense concentrations of populous. That will not be the case with 5G, from about 3 GHz and up. Of course, metrics change with frequency so 28 Ghz has different issues than 6 GHz.
Recently, the issue of ambient RF was brought up by some members of Congress. In response, Chairman Pai responded with a “not to worry” reply. He said that the FCC always has the health and safety of the users as a top priority. That is a pretty canned response, but then, what could, or should, he say?
There are many watchdogs in the RF arena. There needs to be. RF is dangerous. But, it is not like tobacco, which has no good use. RF, if properly managed (and it has been quite successfully), is safe and a fundamental technology in more than just communications. It has become part of our lives in, virtually, every segment. It will only become more prolific.
OK, fast forward to 5G. As the years wane on, if smartphones are culprits in causing bodily harm it will start, at some point, to become evident. However, we have also lessened the threat by moving away from holding these devices to our heads and replaced them with other RF emitting devices such as wireless headphone and earbuds. These are much newer than phones so the history will take a lot longer to prove, or disprove, any RF issues around them. And that will change the early metric of having them at our heads. The multitude, variety and changing landscape of this segment makes obtaining conclusive evidence long in coming.
However, leaving the personal space for a moment, hovering over the 5G landscape does appear to present some concerns. One is the sheer density of transceivers needed to provide ubiquitous coverage. While the platforms at lower frequencies, such as T-Mobile’s 600 MHz, will not be subject to congested densification, 5G mmWave platforms will.
Some say there will be a transceiver, of one sort or another, every 50 to 100 meters at mmWave frequencies. Perhaps even closer in contain areas such as the enterprise. That translates into nearly a million of such cells to be deployed, by 2026, according to a study commissioned by the CTIA.
What makes this a topic of concern are several factors. One, little research has been conducted around the safety issues of 5G. Also, FCC rules pertaining to RF safety are over 20 years old and have not been updated. Next, these rules are not applicable to much of the mmWave spectrum. Even the FCC agrees that the rules need updating.
As well, the RF environment, once such densification occurs, will be much more complex than what exists today. While we know much about individual RF frequencies and their effects, as just about as much with coexistence, once all of this mixes in a complex environment, things will change.
The 5G landscape will differ radically from what exists today in terms of ambient RF. It will be integrated to a degree we have never seen previously. Perhaps we have been lucky thus far – that man-made RF has not been so concentrated, or so ubiquitously prolific, that we are constantly being bathed in some form of it. And where it is, we know how to manage it.
In the end, it is all about the period of the exposure, power of the signal and how long it goes on. It gets much more complicated with periodic events such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs), stray natural RF fields, other natural and man-made sources of radiation, and the like. Perhaps singularly, they are manageable. But in areas where mmWaves are going to become as prolific as street furniture, perhaps taking both the narrow view of just RF and the broader view of multiple types and sources of radiation is warranted.
Is RF exposure a subject of concern? I believe so. While it, generally, is not be an issue today. I would keep my ear to the rail going into tomorrow.
Enrich the professional and personal lives of the Rocky Mountain Region members, developing them into valued contributors to society through quality programs, continuing education, career development and community service; in collaboration with IEEE, industry, government and academia.